Nigerian Banks took N950b loan from CBN in three months – Report: Commercial and merchant banks took cumulative loans worth N949.91 billion from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) within three months, the apex bank’s quarterly economic report has shown.
The report released at the weekend showed that the loans came through CBN’s Standing Facilities meant for the lenders to square up their liquidity positions and meet customers’ needs.
The funds were sourced, largely, from increased unclassified and foreign liabilities, and mobilisation of time, savings and foreign currency deposits. They were used, mainly, for acquisition of unclassified and foreign assets and to boost foreign reserves.
According to the report, the total Standing Deposit Facility (SDF) granted during the period under review was N1.93 trillion, with a daily average of N32.20 billion, compared to N2,081.14 billion in the third quarter of last year. The cost incurred on SDF in the reviewed quarter amounted to N0.66 billion, compared to N0.63 billion in the preceding quarter.
The SLF is an overnight CBN credit available on banking days between 2 pm and 3.30 pm, with settlement done on same day value. The rates for SDF and SLF remained at nine and 16 per cent, respectively.
According to the CBN, the funds covered three months ended December and came as SLFs.
The report said: “The banks continued to access the CBN’s Standing Facilities to square up their positions either by borrowing from the standing lending facility (SLF) or depositing their excess liquidity at the standing deposit facility (SDF) of the CBN at the end of each business day.”
“Total request for the Standing Lending Facility (SLF), inclusive of direct SLF (N949.91 billion) and Intra-day lending facilities -ILF (N352.64 billion) that were converted to overnight repo during the review quarter, stood at N1.3 trillion, compared with N6.2 trillion in the preceding quarter.
“The daily average transaction value amounted to N23.26 billion in 56 transaction days, with total interest earned at N767.13 billion, compared with the daily average of N100.05 billion in 62 transaction days, with a total of N4.21 billion, as interest earned at the end of the preceding quarter.
“The total assets and liabilities of commercial banks stood at N40.8 trillion at end-November 2019, representing 3.2 per cent increase above the level at end-September 2019. The rise in bank’s assets could be linked to CBN’s directive that banks lend at least 65 per cent of their deposits to customers through the Loan to Deposit (LDR) policy.
“The loans-to-deposit ratio, at 62.9 per cent, was 0.7 percentage point higher than the level at end-September 2019, but 17.1 percentage points lower than the prescribed maximum of 80.0 per cent.”
At N22.96 trillion, banks’ credit to the domestic economy, at end-November 2019, showed an increase of 3.8 per cent, compared with the level at end-September 2019. The development reflected, largely, the 4.7 per cent and 3.6 per cent rise in claims on the Federal Government and the private sector, respectively, in the review period.
The total specified liquid assets of the commercial banks was N14.6 trillion at end-November 2019, representing 60.6 per cent of the total current liabilities.
At that level, the liquidity ratio was 2.9 percentage points and 43.3 percentage points above the level at end-September 2019 and the stipulated minimum ratio of 30 per cent, respectively.